Welcome to Open Ocean HomeEmily F. and Madeline A. Open Ocean
Where is the Open Ocean Located?

The Open Ocean Biome is a huge part of the world. Wherever you can find an ocean, there is an open ocean zone. These oceans are located all around the continents. Especially in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, there is a very large area where the open ocean biome exists. The Open Ocean is a very facsinating place to be.




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This is a map of the Open Ocean biome. The blue area represents the Open Ocean biome.


The Climate Of the Open Ocean

The Open Ocean definitely has temperature changes. In December, the layer closest to the surface is warmer, It is about 8.9 degrees celcius. The temperature 500 meters down in the ocean is about 6.8 degrees celcius, in December. During the month of August however, the water temperature rises. At the surface, it is normally 8.0 degrees celcius. 500 meters down, still in the month of August, the average temperature is 6.2 degrees celcius.

The Open Ocean receives a lot of rain water every year. The average precipitation rate for the Open Ocean is 480 cm per year. There are five layers in the Open Ocean. The first layer is the Epipelagic layer, it is closest to the surface. It includes enough light for photosynthesis. Most animals live in this layer. The second layer is called the Mesopelagic layer. It is located about 200 meters below the surface. There is some light in this second layer but not enough to produce photosynthesis. The third layer is called the Bathypelagic. It is located 1000 meters below the surface. In this layer the ocean is pitch black, so there are no living plants, but there are some animals. Abyssopelagic layer is the fourth down, 4,000 meters, from the sea level. There are very few animals because not many species can adapt to the freezing cold temperatures. Finally the last layer is called Hadopelagic layer. It is about 6,000 meters below the surface. There are no animals but there are living organisms.

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This is a picture of all the layers of the Open Ocean
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